NELLER: It depends on the context and the legalities, if we are in a designated area of hostilities or we’re not. The answer to that is probably no. MILLEY: I do agree with that. Consider the arithmetic. (Laughter.) It’s not moving your families around. SANGER: So can you tell us a little bit about it and where we sign up for it? They’re going to be successful. And I think whatever they’re doing now, they are still a very capable military and they clearly have shown an intent to be disruptive, at least in the region. Some, for sure, to train, advise, assist, enable, to provide some forward advisory effort to bring in fires from either naval or air platforms and to help the Iraqi Security Forces to build up their capabilities, and the Kurdish forces. This is different than, you know, attacking networks and water systems and all that. There’s also new domains from cyberspace, to outer space, to the Arctic. Of the many hurdles military veterans face in America today, they name adjusting back to everyday life as the most significant challenge. As you look at what the Russians are doing, is this a temporary show of force at a moment of economic decline or do you think we have a permanent resumption of activities we thought had gone away with the Cold War? But I thought Robert Haddick did a very good job articulating that in his book “Fire on the Water.”. But major uncertainty remains. Our latest taskforce on North Korea will provide an assessment of policy toward the country against the backdrop of its enhanced nuclear and missile capabilities. December 21, 2020, Teaching Notes So as far as anything different, I think part of the discussion that we’ve had—or at least I’ve had in my own mind—is before they were—it was annoying and it was kind of a difficult thing, but now the capabilities that they’re looking at—we know they have nuclear weapons but they haven’t had the means to deliver them to the homeland. So let’s see, who will—who will be first? I think that would be counterproductive. "There were 500 women on a 5,000 man ship," Noble says, describing one of her later opportunities for sea duty. We can use them to actually target. We are. SANGER: Something you heard in the campaign a lot in the past few debates was that the American Navy is going down to sizes and numbers that we hadn’t seen in nearly a century, and yet you pack more technology onto every square foot of your ships—. And as the saying goes, there’s no atheists in a foxhole sort of thing. It’s got more of a sense of freedom of navigation, safety for those at sea, and so forth. Some of the provocative activities of Russian President Vladimir Putin—a Russian fighter plane zooms into Lithuanian territory, a Russian submarine floats in and out of Swedish waters in the Baltic Sea—can we handle these activities beyond cyber monitoring militarily? I want to thank the audience for coming here and for such terrific questions. You’ve seen those really change the way, the nature of the Air Force in your time. We’re going to be surprised. And during the middle of this de facto hurricane they’re moving silt to create a berm so it wouldn’t inundate their only source of fresh water. And they are out there. They give us very broad authorities. They had training infrastructure, recruiting infrastructure, financial infrastructure, governance infrastructure. I’d missed several recent issues of the Marine Corps … Well, first of all, you know, we pushed out an Arctic strategy, but we did so in concert with the White House. Asked by Wiki User. Majuro, 70,000 people. Tell us a little bit about what you’ve learned in the course of this succession of wars about what it is that unmanned craft do well for us, what they don’t do well, what we’re always going to need piloted aircraft for? Q: Thank you. And so we’re—we are reluctant to pass through your webpage or your website to get at somebody who’s on the other side of that firewall who’s lying and violating the law. One proposal that may do more harm than help is to enlist immature, non-deployable 16-year-olds into our military who are unlikely to succeed in basic training or make it through their initial term of enlistment. And I’ve been tracking both the intel and from persona knowledge, talking to commanders, et cetera. They’re going to do fine. Has been the commander of naval submarine forces. And I think it may be slower than if it were Americans to do it, but at the end of the day it will be sustainable. What can DOD do and what can the whole of government do to deal with those kinds of problems? Military members endure a lifestyle unlike any other, and, in kind, can be affected by a unique set of health and wellness issues. Four of the five merged to become China Coast Guard. We’re just past the Wright flier stage, if you want to make an analogy to manned aircraft. We’ve seen a lot of back and forth in the past year between the Navy and others, and the White House, about the degree to which we want to run freedom of navigation operations down into these areas that the Chinese have claimed their own. Admiral John Richardson, our newest arrival here. And their ability to move inside their own territory and their interior lines has been significantly degraded. by Jennifer Hillman and Matthias Matthijs And welcome in particular to the Robert B. McKeon Endowed Series on Military Strategy and Leadership. It is a glacier on the ice fields of Greenland that is moving during the summer months at the rate of over eight miles a year. SANGER: And we’ve seen one other change in the past six to eight months. And if that’s where they’re going, then I think that changes kind of the calculus in this whole thing. ), WELSH: Probably not—(laughter)—although you’d all look really good sitting in it, just like we do. It’s calving. Three Issues Facing Veterans In Your Community. The Real Problem with America's Military. So we’re going to have to be—we’ve thought about this a lot but it all involves permissions and authorities. A long time ago I was in OSD. So the real challenge will be for all of us if there’s something beyond what is currently happening in the world, and then we’ll get into some really hard choices. RICHARDSON: If I could go back, you know, I think that—to just kind of get back to this gray warfare or whatever it is, and the cyber piece, I mean, we should be very clear that there’s no more capable nation or actor in the world than the United States in terms of cyber warfare. But I believe we need NATO. Q: Thank you. What are we doing about missile defense—not just to you but any of you, what are we doing about missile defense, and particularly looking forward to a world where there will be several nuclear weapons-capable states, bad guy states? MILLEY: We’re going to see this movie again. This is a fundamentally different situation. It kind of seemed to me sliding over the part about the split between the Sunnis and the Shia that were going to be in this force. So for us it was “back to the future.” But as much as many of us would like to not be able to focus on the Middle East, the world gets a vote. RICHARDSON: I concur. So the White House has a strategy for the Arctic region with a number of milestones built into it. And that will be—that could be a challenge, especially on the Syrian side of the border. You know, wingmen who can do different tasks for a pilot in an F-35, is an example. And I don’t think the smartest strategic move is to put a lot of American soldiers on the ground. You know, one of the discussions is that being forward deployed, having forward presence deters aggression and assures our allies and allows us to respond to crisis and to keep a crisis from growing into a conflict. We’re going to be at 308 (ships) by the end of, you know, 2020, 2021. Now, it doesn’t appear to be a very stable and safe place because there are people doing nefarious things out there, but I would just suggest, if we weren’t there, what else would they be doing if we weren’t out there to monitor their activities and kind of keep an eye on things? Over the past 18 years of “endless war,” the Pentagon has adopted numerous measures to prop up the AVF. You know, when you think about the five big areas—, MILLEY: General Neller, is that what you—. SANGER: General Neller, I was just back from a week in South Korea last week, and it’s pretty obvious that we’ve seen a big ramp-up by the North Koreans in activity in just the past six months—missile tests, one nuclear test, the possibility of another one ahead of their Workers’ Party Congress, which meets for the first time in 36 years later on this week. And I think that question has to be asked and answered before we get into details about tactics and operations and all that kind of stuff. And from a grand-strategy perspective, instead of worrying about what China might be, Russia might be, where cyber might go, it’s helpful if the United States of America decides clearly what we are going to be 50 years from now. by Matthias Matthijs Pure evidence that recidivism lives out here, that you guys were willing to come back. Where we should use remotely piloted aircraft in the future, or even autonomous unmanned aircraft in the future, is in those areas where they provide benefit over having a manned platform. And so, you know, we’re sustaining hundreds of thousands of attacks, you know, per day. Losing an edge in irregular warfare, leaps in missile defense - Defense News Weekly, 01.10.21, Is the U.S. military losing an edge in irregular warfare? And it looks like that is the trend that is continuing. And so we are where we are, doing what we’re doing. MILLEY: That’s a great question for the Navy. Let me very briefly introduce our group of service chiefs. SANGER: —than we’ve ever seen before as well. So I’m hoping to speak not only about what’s going on today, but where they see the military headed. I wanted to remind everybody that the meeting is on the record. You still have some sequester issues going on. That is mach speech for a glacier. And that’s quite a bit different than what I saw in the fall. And they’re huge combat multipliers because, as General Milley says, even though if you went—whatever chapel you would go based on your perspective faith, there may not be a lot of people at church, but when people start shooting at you, everybody gets religion. And it’s also a multinational approach. (Laughter.). MILLEY: I think, David, that’s a really key point. Indeed, it sets an example that the rest of us would be wise to follow. SANGER: When I walk through your building, on those days that they let me in, I hear people say, you know, we’re not going to accomplish the task of actually destroying them until we have a Sunni force on the ground that can take them on on the ground in a way that President Obama has clearly been unwilling to allow American forces to go do, given the experiences of Iraq and Afghanistan. And when you buy a new ship in the Coast Guard, well, 50 years later we’re still operating these darn things. We can use them to observe movement. Q: Father Andrew from St. Paul’s Foundation on Mount Athos. Everyone recognizes the biggest challenges facing the U.S. Army. And so we—you know, we design those very carefully. (Laughter.). About 70 percent of casualties have been Army. MILLEY: There’s a very robust, very sophisticated, integrated air, naval, and ground—integrated air missile defense system scattered all around the country and overseas. Veterans with untreated PTSD can develop alcohol and drug addictions, which are high-risk behaviors that can lead to … So we’re at 272 (ships) right now. So, today, 330 million Americans lay claim to rights, liberties, and privileges that not one of them is obligated to protect and defend. Podcast SANGER: Admiral Richardson, we ran a story last winter, my colleague Eric Schmitt and I, about Russian submarine patrols that appeared to be looking at, among other things, the undersea cables that still snake across the Atlantic and Pacific. The Army ultimately enlisted 70,000, a shortfall of 7,600. The start of the First World War, D-Day and let it not be forgotten that 22nd June marked the 70th anniversary of the lifting of the siege of Kohima. But I think what we’ve done is, first of all, identified the problem, seen that it has certain traits or characteristics that are identifiable, and then helped our partner nations develop counter-capabilities, to include intelligence in messaging and information so that they—when they see something like this they can confront it and call it out and they don’t sit there and wait and somebody’s like, hey, who are these guys walking around dressed like this and what did they say and how did this story get planted, and then there’s a political aspect to it. So I do a lot of work—I was in Hanoi, Da Nang, Manila just before the end of the year, two ASEAN countries that have been the most assertive in protecting their sovereign rights and their EEZ, where we see encroachment—drilling off the coast of Vietnam, Second Thomas Shoal in the Philippines, which is well within the EEZ of the Philippines. In the near term, that’s not in deciding how to deliver nuclear weapons, for example. And it doesn’t even address mine warfare. That’s their job. NELLER: By being forward deployed. Whereas China, Russia are more our traditional kinds of threats. I mean, that’s just sort of at the macro scale—you know, your father went up—his job off of Okinawa was the fighter director who was the person who vectored fighters in to go against the kamikaze threat, which was the only thing in World War II that Admiral Nimitz said he did not anticipate by virtue of his participation in the war games in Newport, right, that resulted in War Plan Orange. I think what we’ve seen the Russians do—where we kind of got this hybrid war thing—in Ukraine is where they took advantage of the political situation and the ethnic lay-down of people that live there. It’s just to be better at what we’ve always done. (Laughter.) WELSH: —in the technology that John is talking about. (Laughter.). NATO was an alliance of necessity when it began. Sign up for the Early Bird Brief - a daily roundup of military and defense news stories from around the globe. It improves our training and our readiness, but it’s expensive because, you know, we put hours on planes and miles on vehicles and—. It’s less than 10 percent—significantly less than 10 percent. These are the 10th graders in your local high school. Went over there in September, did not think we were doing very well. (Laughter. And now, you know, the China coast guard is building 10,000-ton cruisers. And then this summer I’ll take members of the Arctic Caucus, members of Senate, climatologists, and we’re going to go out to what’s called the Jakobshavn Glacier—Jakobshavn with a “J” by the way. So you want to make—you know, you want to build public trust, one, that you’ll produce outcomes but, two, you’ll be a good steward of the resources you invested in. The problem is not the military’s. Tell us a little bit about what your concerns are there. The Trump administration leaves a legacy of confusion over cybersecurity issues with few positives. He is probably well-known to many of you who watched TV during the Deepwater Horizon spill, which was something that he was the on-scene coordinator for the federal government, directing the 47,000 responders to that. They may get smaller. SANGER: And is the redeployment of some NATO forces that are circulating through this area sufficient to create a deterrent for that? And so if you look at—if you want to study the United States, really it’s like going back to Mahan. ZUKUNFT: And so we talked a lot about the Mideast, talked a lot about ISIL, South China Sea. So I think the only thing like it is Her Majesty’s Ship Victory that Lord Nelson served on. And it’s the concerns about a rising China, but particularly about the South China Sea. I think we need to make sure that we engage not only the military element of power, but also the diplomatic and economic, which are extremely important in that world. But cyber it seems as if in the past eight or 10 years we’ve come to the conclusion now this can be used right alongside everything else. And, rumor has it, there’s a prospect of a new commander in chief and administration in a little more than eight months. We’re just not going to fall for that. And Military Times look at where your MRE's come from, on Defense News Weekly for Jan. 9, 2021. Talk about the ultimate hack of the Internet. Could you move them back across the border? Q: Hi. Right behind you, if you’d take that one. by Kristen A. Cordell And I commanded NATO ground forces in Afghanistan. But today, right now, my assessment is significant progress has been made. The American people must address their problem. They’re being hugely successful in Anbar right now. Tell us a little bit about how we’re thinking differently today, if at all, about the contingency of being once again the conflict on the Korean Peninsula. May 12, 2020, Virtual Event At the same time, the U.S. military must still meet a broad range of missions, including deterring aggression, fighting major conventional conflicts, engaging with allies and partners, and securing the global commons through … And so in that regard, it’s a natural evolution of warfare. We’ve made the same decision about chemical, biological, many others. The problem belongs to the American people and Congress. They’ve taken Hit. So there’s not a lot of mystery in how we’re using them. Soviet forces were already there. MILLEY: I don’t want to take it because I gave a speech up at Norwich a week ago and I used the word “hybrid” and “little green men” and everybody’s saying I’m talking about aliens coming into America, so I’m staying away from it this time. MILLEY: They Army has been involved in Iraq and Afghanistan and we’ve suffered a lot of casualties. And they work closely with a variety of the Shia groups and they have a fair amount of influence. Do we still think that’s their intent? The challenges facing the British Army. As we have seen, China has worked bilaterally with the ASEAN members. And there was already political unrest. They’ve been active in there. So we doubled the numbers. We’re working with them right now to sign Conduct for Unplanned Encounters at Sea so they won’t take these actions against our Navy and other forces as well, but at least to have that open and frank dialogue for the very same reasons that are mentioned here. We’ve got abilities. (Laughter.). ), So, yeah, we do need to modernize, but the good news is when you say, what do you need, you need to be able to modernize but you need to maintain your force structure at the same time. We’re not doing as much stuff elsewhere. supports HTML5 video, National Security Correspondent, New York Times. We had too much war and not enough warriors, but the American people and Congress declined to consider conscription, leaving the problems to the Pentagon and the 1 percent of the population willing to serve in the military. Could you say a little more on that? A submariner for, did you tell me, a quarter century, or? And it’s very easy to think in two-, four-, and six-year terms and election cycles and say, well, it won’t happen on my watch. (Laughter.). But, rather than a sign of widespread corruption, the fact that they're being caught and disciplined is … And I’m not going to speak to those authorities that are available to the president of the United States and the national leadership under authorities that they use to protect the nation. Scroll through the Top 10 Problems in the World Today.. 10. And it’s a very different job than your predecessors had. And this is the first time I’ve ever seen the U.S. government acknowledge the use of offensive cyber capability, and make the point that it is just another weapon in the arsenal. The question is, you know, we’ve only got so many bullets. MILLEY: We’re trying to assure the allies and deter the—deter any further aggressive behavior. MILLEY: Well, I became chief in August. NELLER: It just doesn’t seem to match up. "Two weeks into our six-and-a-half-month cruise we had our first sexual assault. And as their economies are very codependent, it’s very easy for the ASEAN countries to be splintered off and to get everyone, you know, from a regional approach. And so it’s something we have to be concerned about in the future. Approximately one third of all homeless Americans are veterans. The issues are less military than political. 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