Eight individuals were sighted on the island and scientists killed Their name refers to the hemisphere where each type of seal can be found. They do this  24 hours a day, 7 days a week. • These seals were hunted Pups are 3 to 4 feet (1 m) long at birth and weigh about 70 pounds (32 kg). They were close to extinction because they were hunted for their oil. In addition to getting their oxygen from air in their lungs, they store it in their blood and muscles. Elephant seals dive to 1,550 m (5,090 ft) beneath the ocean’s surface, though the average depth of their dives is about 300 to 600 m (980 to 1,970 ft), typically for around 20 minutes for females and 60 minutes for males. 1. It is illegal to touch, throw things or cause a reaction from any marine mammal. 1) There are three different species of elephant – the African Savannah elephant, the African Forest elephant and the Asian elephant. At the start of lactation, the fat content is lower and the water content higher. Please observe these guidelines – they are for the comfort and safety of you and the seals! The Elephant Seal Viewing area is located in San Simeon, California, 4.5 miles north of the Hearst Castle entrance on Hwy 1. The species’ diet consists of deep-dwelling animals such as rays, skates, octopus, large fish, and squid, hence the deep diving! In order to get healthy new skin, elephant seals need to spend about a month on the beach so that their blood can circulate continuously to the skin without an excessive loss of body heat. Southern elephants are the largest of all seals. Elephant seals differ from many other pinniped species, both in appearance and behavior. Elephant seals may be rust, light or dark brown, or gray. At the peak of the breeding season around 90% of the adult males have fresh wounds obtained from combat. Fortunately, they have Much more agile in their ocean environment, an elephant seal moves on land with considerable effort, by using its front flippers and belly. Northern elephant seal facts! Jul 9, 2014 - Explore Hanna Shirley's board "Elephant seal" on Pinterest. Their torpedo shaped bodies allow them to glide through the ocean flawlessly (with little water resistance). In addition, they sometimes can be seen flipping sand under stressful conditions. Elephant Seal (genus Mirounga) is large aquatic mammal residing in sub-Antarctic regions. The males can grow to be 20 feet long and weigh over 8,000 pounds, which is more than the average pickup truck weighs. A Few Facts About Elephant Seals. The numbers have recovered since. Interesting Elephant seal Facts: Elephant seal can reach 10 to 20 feet in length and 2000 to 8800 pounds of weight. Elephant seals get their names from the appearance of mature males, who are not only enormous, but also develop pendulous, trunk-like noses. The southern elephant seal is the largest species of seal on the planet. Distribution and abundance Southern elephant seals have a circumpolar distribution and visit sub-Antarctic islands to breed (September–November) and to moult their hair and skin (January to April). In the open ocean, where females spend almost all their time, there is evidence that they feed on small bio-luminescent creatures such as squid and lanternfish. • They are excellent swimmers but move awkwardly while on land. During the breeding season, bulls battle each other for the right to breed with the females. Their trunk-like nose serves two purposes: Males use the proboscis to generate loud roars to fend off other males, and both males and females use it to re-absorb moisture during their mating fasts. Northern elephant seal facts! The Privacy policy on this site provides further information. Females are smaller and weigh around 7 – 800 kg. Ground squirrels are wild animals, carriers of fleas and possible diseases, and occasionally they do bite. The molting process occurs on land, during which time the … They have delayed implantation, which is why babies are born after 12 months even though the pregnancy itself does last for 9. – Elephant seals … These animals are huge when compared with other pinnipeds. The Friends of the Elephant Seal does not share your personal information with outside advertisers or other organizations. Drones are not permitted in the rookery area. The dunes and other bluff areas outside the fences or ropes are home to protected native plants and animals. Each year, elephant seals molt the skin and fur above the blubber. Weaners practice at night to learn to swim and dive in preparation for the dark of the ocean depths in which they will feed. Empty lungs allow them to dive with little effort, and without developing the bends. Elephant seals have made a number of adaptations in order to dive so deep and stay down so long. The pressure actually deflates their lungs completely. Elephant seals are shielded from extreme cold more by their blubber than by fur. Males are 5 to 6 time larger than females. Their babies gain 3-5 pounds daily thanks to milk. Before diving, they exhale. They are usually underwater, diving to depths of about 1,000 to 2,500 feet for 20 to 30 minute intervals with only short breaks at the surface. One of these adaptations is that during dives the flow of blood to their skin and extremities is limited – sending blood mostly to their brain and core organs. Seal Facts For Kids - Complete Knowledge Dite, Species, Habitat, Size and Much More - Duration: 3:34. They can cover 60 miles a day when they head out to sea. Fact 37: Common seals may spend Among other creatures, killer whales, polar bears, and humans prey on seals. Male elephant seals weigh as much as a small truck or cargo van. Actually, they are just conserving energy. There are a number of rookeries on the Pacific coast of North America, stretching from Baja California in the south to Race Rocks on Vancouver Island, Canada in the north. The number of females in a harem varies according to the topography of the beach. 1. It is. Elephant seals take their name from the large proboscis of the adult male (bull), which resembles an elephant’s trunk. Most mammals shed hair year-round, but the elephant seal does it all at once. Southern elephant seal males typically reaching a length of 5 m (16 ft) and a weight of 3,000 kg (6,600 lb), and are much larger than the adult females, with some exceptionally large males reaching up to 6 m (20 ft) in length and weighing 4,000 kg (8,800 lb); females typically measure about 3 m (10 ft) and 900 kg (2,000 lb). Seals range greatly in size, from the gargantuan southern elephant seal, which can weigh more than a pickup truck, to the relatively slender, 100-pound Baikal seal. Males can live to 14; females into their 20’s. Elephant seals are aquatic animals and live on the Pacific Coast. Discover the world's biggest seal: where found, diet, predators and more. The females are much smaller at about 9 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4 m) in length and weigh 900 … Facts about Elephant Seals 7: the weight of baby elephant seal The weight of the baby elephant seals can reach the weight of 80 pounds. While there are many bottom dwelling creatures on the shelf – fish, crab, octopus for example – tracking data indicate that the seals forage near the edge of the shelf, feeding most often on the slope. The largest known bull elephant seal was 6.7 metres in length and weighed 3400 kilograms (about four tons). Keep dogs on a leash and well away from the seals. Follow Friends of the Elephant Seal on our social channels for up-to-the-minute updates and images from the rookery. Smallest seal is Galapagos fur seal that has 4 While they are ashore for birthing and breeding, the females will lose 30 to 40 percent of their body mass. About Elephant Seals Seals on the sand. Elephant seals are great at holding their breath and can remain submerged for up to two hours straight. Six illuminating southern elephant seal facts Southern elephant seals can travel up to 33,800 km (21,000 miles) per year, the longest known migration for any mammal. The rocky areas in the shallow waters provide the weaned pups some protection from breakers while they are learning to swim. The elephant seal has a number of interesting and distinguishing characteristics. Related Video . Your charitable contribution supports our programs. Fights can last from a few minutes to half an hour or more, depending on how evenly matched the bulls are. The elephant seals do not eat while they are at the rookery. The seals are carnivorous. Southern elephant seals are the largest species of seal on the planet and a highlight among Antarctica cruise wildlife. Northern elephant seals spend much of the year—generally about 9 months—in the ocean. During apnea, their heart rate decreases. When molting, the seal must avoid the cold ocean temperatures, and rest on land, in a safe place called a “haul out”. The skin has to be regrown by blood vessels reaching through the blubber. Find answers to the most common questions about the elephant seals at the Piedras Blancas Rookery. All seals share some general physical characteristics. Do not feed the squirrels. They are very sociable animals and get their name from their massive size and the male’s trunk-like snout. 5 Elephant Seal Facts • These seals spend approximately nine months of the year in the water. By the end of lactation, the fat content reaches 65% and has the consistency of mayonnaise. Elephants are known for their large ears, tusks made of ivory and their trunks – which are actually a fusion of their nose and upper lip. Elephant seals take their name from the large proboscis of the adult male (bull), which resembles an elephant’s trunk. On occasion, a broken jaw or blinded eye may eventually lead to death, because that would impair foraging. Friends of the Elephant Seal is a cooperating association with California State Parks. Southern Elephant Seal Facts for Kids The southern elephant seal is the heaviest of the seals. Once each year, the seal comes ashore and sheds the first layer of skin and fur, which come off in sheets as new skin and fur replace the old. Northern elephant seal adult males and young adult males haul out during June to August to molt. The seals may be solitary at sea, but become very social on the beach. You can most often see southern elephant seals along the Antarctic coastline, dozing in the sun, nursing their pups, or swimming in the waters just off shore. Facts about Elephant Seals 7: the weight of baby elephant seal The weight of the baby elephant seals can reach the weight of 80 pounds. Here's some other interesting and fun facts about southern elephant seals. 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